Songs for the Outcasts of Great Turtle’s Back

(completed July, 1987).  A song cycle in ten movements about the destruction of American Indian culture and way of life.  Seven movements performed at the Yellow Springs Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by the ensemble for new music, Relache, on July 11, 1987.  Scored for mezzo soprano, baritone, flute doubling on Irish whistle and fipple flute, clarinet, alto and soprano saxophones, violin, accordion, piano doubling on synthesizer, bass drum, vibraphone, sleigh bells, cowbells, metal wind chimes,  rattles, pebbles, and three tom-toms.  (apx. 45 min.)